Topaz is a silicate mineral of aluminium and fluorine. Pure topaz is colorless and transparent, although it’s often tinted by impurities creating colors such as wine, yellow, pale gray, reddish-orange, blue, brown, white, pale green, blue, gold, pink, and reddish-yellow.
Orange topaz is known as precious topaz.
Imperial topaz is yellow, pink, or pink-orange. Brazilian Imperial Topaz often has a bright yellow to deep golden brown hue; sometimes it’s even violet.
Mystic topaz is colorless topaz that has been artificially coated giving it a rainbow effect.
Natural pink topaz is extremely rare. Natural blue topaz is also quite rare.
The name topaz is derived from the Old French topace, Latin topazus, Greek tοpáziοs or tοpáziοn to Topazios– the ancient name of St. John’s Island in the Red Sea. The yellow variant was found there. However, it’s now believed the stone found was actually olivine.
The word topaz is related to the Sanskrit word “tapas” meaning “heat” or “fire” and to the Hebrew word for “orange” (the fruit), tapooz (תפוז), both of which predate the Greek word.
History and Lore
- It was believed that one who wore topaz and thought really hard could become invisible.
- Ancient Egyptians believed Ra, the Egyptian sun god, gave the stone its golden yellow color and wearing topaz would protect the wearer from harm.
- In 13th century, it was worn exclusively by royalty and clergy.
- Topaz as we define it today was not generally known before the classical era. In the Middle Ages, the name topaz was used to refer to any yellow gemstone.
- That said, the word topaz is still applied to other gemstones:
Rutile topaz exhibits a type of asterism, which is when a cabochon cut gem appears to reflect a star on its surface cause by inclusions. In topaz, it looks like straw or golden threads. It’s also referred to as Venus Hair. In 1987, The Gemological Institute of America (GIA) conducted an investigation of “rutile topaz” stones. They determined that the inclusions are not rutile, but are limonitic stains. — It looks the same, just the cause is different.
- American Golden Topaz: a giant 172-faceted, 22,892.5-carat yellow topaz
- Brazilian Princess Topaz: a 21,327-carat flawless light blue gem, considered to be the largest cut gemstone in the world.
- El-Dorado Topaz: the largest faceted topaz and the largest faceted gemstone in the world, weighing a 31,000-carats equivalent 6.2 kg; emerald-cut, good clarity, and a yellowish-brown color.
- Lindsay Uncut Topaz: 70-pound vertical stone
- Lua de Maraba: 25,250-carat octagonal-cut rare gray gem; the second largest faceted topaz in the world; in Portuguese the name means “Moon of Maraba”.
- Freeman Uncut Topaz: a 111-pound vertical stone
Magical and Mystical Properties include
- relieving asthma
- relieving insomnia
- stimulating metabolism and digestion
- staunching blood flow
- promoting relaxation
- easing tension
- encouraging self realization and confidence
- protecting against disease
- protecting against sudden or untimely death
- protecting against envy
- protecting against negative magic
- protecting against evil
- strengthening intellect
- preventing bad dreams
- promoting fidelity
- combined with an equal amount of tiger eye, topaz will bring wealth and money
- helping to take on new projects
- removing stagnant energy
- activating cosmic awareness
- recharging physical stamina and strength
- stimulating appetite
- counteracting bad moods
- recharging spirituality
- reducing anger and promoting forgiveness
- stimulating artistic inspiration
- receptive to the angels of truth and wisdom
- giving hope
- dissolving resistance
- aiding in visualization
- bringing deep insight
- attracting love
- used for scrying
Discharging & Recharging
Discharge topaz after each use by holding it under running water. To recharge topaz, place it in the sun for a few hours. (In stone therapy, when using stones to heal, their energy is used up, requiring the stones to be recharged.)
photos: yellow topaz, blue topaz, mystic topaz, imperial topaz all from Wikipedia, rutile topaz by theimage.com
series logo image by wikimedia.org, awesome colorization by me!