Tourmaline is a crystal boron silicate mineral compounded with several different elements. Though most commonly found in black, it comes in a large variety of colors including brown, yellow, pink, red, violet, and a dual-colored pink and green. Stones that are green on the outside and pink on the inside are called watermelon tourmaline.
Some forms of tourmaline are dichroic, meaning that they change color when viewed from different directions.
The name comes from the Sinhalese word “Thuramali” meaning something close to “stone with mixed colors.”
Varieties of Tourmalines
- Schorl: brownish black to black; sodium iron (divalent) endmember
- Dravite: dark yellow to brownish black; sodium magnesium rich tourmaline endmember
- Elbaite: red or pinkish-red, light blue to bluish green, green, colorless; lithium-tourmaline
History and Lore
- Ancient texts describe this stone as glowing. This feature is due to the electrostatic charge build up when the stone is heated or rubbed.
- Caesar’s Ruby: 52-carat red rubellite tourmaline; a gift of King Gustavus III of Sweden to Catherine the Great; it’s sort of grape shaped.
- Hamlin Necklace: most of the eighteen major stones are from Maine’s Mount Mica Mine, the others are beryls from Massachusetts; totaling 228.12 caratsof colored gems; exhibited at the 1893 World’s Fair.
- The Crimson Star | The Crimson Star of Siberia: 121-carat rubellite tourmaline; seems to glow with fire.
- Anna Ioannovna Crown: 1730 Russian Crown is set with a large red tourmaline.
- Cat’s Eye Tourmaline: 65.50-carat elbaite green tourmaline that exhibits chatoyancy, an optical reflectance giving the stone the slit of a cat’s eye.
Magical and Mystical Properties include
- relaxing the body and mind
- aiding in infectious diseases
- promoting healing in general
- enhancing understanding
- promoting self-confidence
- amplifying psychic energies
- neutralizing negative energies
- attracting positive energy
- used for scrying
- used in protection rituals
- The different colors have additional properties:
- black protects against radiation and protects from negative energy and evil spells
- brown aids in intestinal disorders, promotes social interactions, and clears the aura
- blue promotes detoxification, strengthens the immune system, and promotes psychic awareness and visions
- green regulates blood pressure, strengthens the nervous system, stimulates digestion, helps to quiet fears, aids in sleeping, and promotes plant health
- pink and red detoxifies, stimulates blood circulation, stabilizes female hormonal issues, attracts love, promotes emotional healing, dispels fears, calms nerves, and brings tranquil sleep
- watermelon alleviates pain, strengthens the immune system, promotes friendship and love, and promotes inner strength
Discharging & Recharging
To recharge tourmaline, once a month let water run over the stone. To recharge, place it in sunlight for a few hours. Don’t recharge pink tourmaline in the sunlight instead place it among amethyst. (In stone therapy, when using stones to heal, their energy is used up, requiring the stones to be recharged.)
series logo image by wikimedia.org, awesome colorization by me!