Sapphire is composed of the mineral corundum, an aluminium oxide. It comes in a rainbow of colors, including black. However, when it’s red it called a ruby. When it’s a pinkish-orange, it’s called a padparadscha, which is a corruption of the Sanskrit/Singhalese padmaraga (padma meaning lotus and raga meaning color). The color is similar to that of the lotus flower.
Star sapphires exhibit asterism, an optical phenomenon where the surface of the stone reflects a star-shaped shine.
Color change sapphires display different colors in different light. For example, the stone maybe blue in outdoor light but purple under incandescent indoor light.
The word sapphire comes from the Greek sappheiros, which means “blue.”
History and Lore
- The oldest sapphire jewelry dates back to the 6th century BCE.
- Ancient Greeks wore sapphire to the temple of Apollo believing it would help them interpret the oracles.
- Sapphire is known as the Gem of Destiny.
- Kings wore sapphire to protect themselves from harm.
- It was believed a person could counteract the effects of poison by wearing sapphire.
- Sapphire engagement rings mean commitment and loyalty of the heart.
- During the Victorian Era, sapphire was believed to protect the wearer from witchcraft.
- A necklace of blue sapphires was thought to cure a sore throat.
- Star sapphires will ward off the evil eye.
- Gordon Sapphire Necklace: 50 carat emerald-cut sapphire; is set in a clustered frame with 10 marquise-shaped, 26 pear-shaped, 7 round and 25 baguette diamonds.
- Logan Sapphire: a flawless, 422.99-carat, cushion-cut, rich deep blue stone; set in a brooch surrounded by 20 round brilliant cut diamonds.
- Queen Marie of Romania’s Sapphire: 478-carat, rectangular cushion-shaped gem.
- Star of India: the largest star sapphire (563.35 carats), discovered in Sri Lanka over 300 years ago, it’s a grayish blue with a slightly milky quality, it exhibits asterism on both sides of the stone.
- Stuart Sapphire: 104 carats, one of the oldest known sapphires (dating back to 1214); it’s believed to have been passed between kings and cardinals before being mounted in Queen Victoria’s State Crown; it was moved to the back side of the British Imperial State Crown in 1909 to make room for the Second Star of Africa, Cullinan II (a diamond).
Magical and Mystical Properties include
- healing the nervous system
- promoting mental clarity
- enhancing eyesight
- stopping nosebleeds
- bringing peace and happiness
- bringing romance
- bringing spiritual enlightenment
- relieving depression
- stimulating the psychic centers
- amplifying and directing power
- foretelling the future
- aiding in creativity
- aiding in good judgement
- increasing fertility
- increasing sexual energy
- restoring balance to the body
Discharging & Recharging
Discharge and recharge sapphire simultaneously in sea salt. Avoid exposure to the sun. (In stone therapy, when using stones to heal, their energy is used up, requiring the stones to be recharged.)
This is a reference for fiction writers and should not be taken as medical or spiritual advice.
photo: Rob Lavinsky / iRocks.com Wikipedia, star sapphire Wikipedia, padparadscha Rob Lavinsky / iRocks.com Wikipedia, Logan Sapphire Smithsonian Institution
series logo image by wikimedia.org, awesome colorization by me!