A Writers Guide to Sapphire



Sapphire is composed of the mineral corundum, an aluminium oxide. It comes in a rainbow of colors, including black. However, when it’s red it called a ruby. When it’s a pinkish-orange, it’s called a padparadscha, which is a corruption of the Sanskrit/Singhalese padmaraga (padma meaning lotus and raga meaning color). The color is similar to that of the lotus flower.

Star sapphires exhibit asterism, an optical phenomenon where the surface of the stone reflects a star-shaped shine.

Color change sapphires display different colors in different light. For example, the stone maybe blue in outdoor light but purple under incandescent indoor light.

The word sapphire comes from the Greek sappheiros, which means “blue.”

History and Lore

  • The oldest sapphire jewelry dates back to the 6th century BCE.
  • Ancient Greeks wore sapphire to the temple of Apollo believing it would help them interpret the oracles.
  • Sapphire is known as the Gem of Destiny.
  • Kings wore sapphire to protect themselves from harm.
  • It was believed a person could counteract the effects of poison by wearing sapphire.
  • Sapphire engagement rings mean commitment and loyalty of the heart.
  • During the Victorian Era, sapphire was believed to protect the wearer from witchcraft.
  • A necklace of blue sapphires was thought to cure a sore throat.
  • Star sapphires will ward off the evil eye.
Logan Sapphire

Logan Sapphire

Famous Sapphires

  • Gordon Sapphire Necklace: 50 carat emerald-cut sapphire; is set in a clustered frame with 10 marquise-shaped, 26 pear-shaped, 7 round and 25 baguette diamonds.
  • Logan Sapphire: a flawless, 422.99-carat, cushion-cut, rich deep blue stone; set in a brooch surrounded by 20 round brilliant cut diamonds.
  • Queen Marie of Romania’s Sapphire: 478-carat, rectangular cushion-shaped gem.
  • Star of India: the largest star sapphire (563.35 carats), discovered in Sri Lanka over 300 years ago, it’s a grayish blue with a slightly milky quality, it exhibits asterism on both sides of the stone.
  • Stuart Sapphire: 104 carats, one of the oldest known sapphires (dating back to 1214); it’s believed to have been passed between kings and cardinals before being mounted in Queen Victoria’s State Crown; it was moved to the back side of the British Imperial State Crown in 1909 to make room for the Second Star of Africa, Cullinan II (a diamond).
Star Sapphire

star sapphire

Magical and Mystical Properties include

  • healing the nervous system
  • promoting mental clarity
  • enhancing eyesight
  • stopping nosebleeds
  • bringing peace and happiness
  • bringing romance
  • bringing spiritual enlightenment
  • relieving depression
  • stimulating the psychic centers
  • amplifying and directing power
  • foretelling the future
  • padparadscha


    padparadscha sapphire

    • aiding in creativity
    • aiding in good judgement
    • increasing fertility
    • increasing sexual energy
    • restoring balance to the body

Discharging & Recharging

Discharge and recharge sapphire simultaneously in sea salt. Avoid exposure to the sun. (In stone therapy, when using stones to heal, their energy is used up, requiring the stones to be recharged.)

This is a reference for fiction writers and should not be taken as medical or spiritual advice.

gemstone index
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  1. Holly,

    Once I got here, I remembered that I came by early in the challenge. I forgot you were doing stones. I gotta make a note to read your entries. Fascinating stuff and a lot more than I know about stones!

  2. Ohhhhhh … Ah … Pretty …

  3. Love sapphire and diamond rings.

  4. Very informative! Followed and supporting, alphabetalife.blogspot.com

  5. Hi Holly .. didn't know a ruby is a sapphire .. blue sapphires are the ones we tend to see .. they are stunningly beautiful … and romantic .. we have 'our wedding' next week and the blue sapphire has been featuring heavily! Cheers Hilary

  6. The star sapphire is so pretty! I didn't know it could be other colors; I though sapphire was always blue. You learn something new every day!

  7. Really interesting. I've never heard of a padparascha.

  8. This is a really neat set of posts you have here. Awhile back I write a book where different gemstones and their qualities were a major plot point. I think there's a lot of potential with gemstones and they fascinate me. 🙂

    Angela @ The Bookshelf Muse

  9. Could pass for space crystal!

  10. Sapphires are beautiful. I had no idea that they are the same (aside from color) as rubies.

    I’m A-Z Blogging on Langley Writes about Writing and Langley’s Rich and Random Life

  11. Also Kate Middleton's engagement ring. The non-star type, that is.

  12. Carol is being psychic today! I was just about to comment on the engagement ring! 🙂

  13. Gosh, Holly, I love your informative posts. Thanks so much!

    East for Green Eyes

  14. I'm learning so much here. I really enjoy hearing what healing properties and other uses, besides being pretty, the stones have.

  15. I've always loved sapphire, but now that I know it's the stone of destiny, I love it times a million!

  16. Sapphire is my birth stone and it's so HARD to find star sapphire's anymore. They're my fav 😀

  17. So many reasons to love sapphire…and not just because blue is my favorite color. 🙂

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