The ruby is a type of corundum, an aluminium oxide. Rubies and sapphires have identical properties, but the red variety has been given its own gemstone classification. The presence of chromium makes it red. The color may also be a pink or purplish-red. The most valuable ruby is called pigeon’s blood-red or pigeon blood, which is a pure, bright red.
The term ruby comes from the Latin rubeus, meaning “red.”
History and Lore
- In Medieval times, people believed that rubies contained fire, which caused it to glow red.
- It was also believe to protect the wearer from the plague by darkening when there was a chance of infection.
- According to folklore, Catherine of Aragon’s ruby turned dull and darkened the day before Henry VIII announced he was divorcing her.
- A long time ago, the lighter colored stones were considered feminine and the darker stone masculine.
- Around the 19th century, people began to call pink rubies pink sapphires.
- Black Prince’s Ruby: a large, irregular cabochon red spinel weighing 170 carats, and set in the cross pattée above the Cullinan II at the front of the Imperial State Crown.
- DeLong Star Ruby: 100.32-carat oval cabochon star ruby; it was stolen in 1964 by Jack Murphy in an infamous burglary, it was ransomed and then recovered at a phone booth in Florida.
- Liberty Bell Ruby: the largest mined ruby in the world weighing four pounds (8,000 carats), and it’s sculpted into a miniature Liberty Bell; it was stolen from a Delaware jewelry store on November 1, 2011.
- Neelanjali Ruby: the world’s largest star ruby with a 12-point asterism.
- Prince of Burma: an uncut ruby, crystallized on a marble deposit, weighing ~950 carats.
- Rosser Reeves Ruby: 138.7 carats and one of the world’s largest and finest star rubies.
- Sunrise Ruby: 25.59-carat Burmese pigeon blood ruby set between heptagon-shaped diamonds.
- Timur Ruby: unfaceted, 361-carat, polished red spinel set in a necklace for Queen Victoria; it was believed to be a ruby until 1851.
All red gemstones used to be referred to as rubies or “balas rubies”. In 1783, spinels were differentiated from rubies based on their chemical properties.
Magical and Mystical Properties include
- reducing hemorrhaging
- relieving inflammatory disorders
- aiding in removing germs and infections of the blood
- warding off bad dreams
- promoting lucid dreaming
- promoting good luck
- amplifying passion
- promoting clarity and wisdom
- protecting the wearer from psychic and physical attacks
- aiding in reconciling lover’s quarrels, expressing passion, and promising love
- worn on the left hand or as a brooch on the left side, the wearer will live peacefully with their enemies
Discharging & Recharging
To recharge a ruby, run water over the stone twice a month. To recharge, place it in the sun for two hours. (In stone therapy, when using stones to heal, their energy is used up, requiring the stones to be recharged.)
This is a reference for fiction writers and should not be taken as medical or spiritual advice.
photo: raw ruby, Liberty Bell Ruby, from Wikipedia
series logo image by wikimedia.org, awesome colorization by me!