Garnets are nesosilicates that come in a rainbow of colors, including yellow, orange, pink, red, green, blue, purple, violet, brown, and sometimes black. There are also colorless garnets. The rarest, however, is the blue garnet.
The blue garnet has a color-changing property. It changes color from blue-green in the daylight to purple in incandescent light. Other varieties of garnets also have this property with colors in the daylight showing as green, beige, brown, or gray but looking red, purple, or pink in incandescent light.
The origin of the name is not definitive. It may be from the Middle English word gernet, meaning “dark red”, or the Latin granatus, meaning “grain” or “seed”. It is also possible that it is a reference to the Punica granatum, which is Latin for pomegranate.
Lore and History
- Noah hung a garnet in the ark for illumination.
- King Solomon wore a large red garnet along with eleven other magical gems (representing the 12 steps of Jacob’s Ladder) in his breast plate to help him win battles and to keep him in touch with the deity.
- Knights and warriors decorated their shields and weapons with garnets for protection and strength.
- A beaded garnet necklace found in a grave dates to 3000 BCE.
- Many Bohemian (now the Czech Republic) castles and churches were decorated with garnet.
- Travelers in the Middle Ages wore garnets to protect themselves from pirates and thieves.
- Considered the gem of faith, truth, and steadfastness.
Common Names for Colors
- Almandine: red with violet tint
- Andradite: yellow, green, brown, black
- Demantoid: bright green
- Grossular: green, yellow, copper brown
- Hessonite: brown-orange
- Hydrogrossular: translucent to opaque green, pink, white
- Leuco Garnet: colorless
- Malaya: pinkish, reddish or yellowish orange
- Mali: yellow-green to yellow-brown
- Mandarin: intense orange-yellow
- Melanite: opaque black
- Pyrope: dark red to reddish orange
- Rhodolite: purplish red to reddish purple
- Spessartine: yellowish orange to red-brown
- Topazolite: lemon yellow
- Tsavorite: intense green
- Uvarovite: emerald green
- Antique Pyrope Hairpin: Bohemian pyrope garnets, close-set rose cut stones
- Bohemian garnets: fashionable in Victorian era jewelry
Magical and Mystical Properties include
- relieving depressing
- relieving tiredness
- warding off sickness
- strengthening memory
- boosting self-esteem
- bolstering courage
- bolstering hope
- protecting travelers
- easing conflict and preventing bloodshed
- aiding in iron absorption
- aiding in strength and stamina
- opening the mind
- grounding and channeling spiritual energies
- simulating creativity
- aiding in relationships
- dissolves feeling of isolation
- cleansing the aura
- aiding in psychic visions
- aiding in the absorbing on vitamin A
- reliving arthritis and rheumatism
- aiding in relaxation
- aiding in fertility
- regulating hormones
- aiding with the sense of smell
- enhancing psychic abilities
- aiding in astral projection
- strengthening bones
- dispelling angry and jealousy
- relieving heartburn
- relieving sore throat
- promoting good quality of life
- aiding in grounding oneself
- stimulating metabolism
- aiding in stimulation
- aiding in intuition
- strengthening the heart
- aiding in calcium absorption and lactose intolerance
- aiding in analytical and rational thinking
- suppresses nightmares
- reducing inflammation
- connecting soul with the universe
Discharging & Recharging
To recharge garnets, let hand-hot water run over the stone. To recharge, place it in the sun. (In stone therapy, when using stones to heal, their energy is used up, requiring the stones to be recharged.)
This is a reference for fiction writers and should not be taken as medical or spiritual advice.
photo: raw garnet, Wikipedia, Antique Pyrope Hairpin: Chip Clark, courtesy Smithsonian Institution
series logo image by wikimedia.org, awesome colorization by me!